The Rottweiler is an ancient breed, believed to have descended from drover dogs used by the Roman Empire. The ancestors of the Rottweiler were originally bred to herd cattle and guard them on their long journeys across Europe. In Germany where the breed originates from, they are known as "Rottweil Metzgerhund", which translates to “butcher’s dog from Rottweil” due to their use as butcher’s dogs in times gone by.
The breed was first officially recognized in 1931 by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and belonged to its Working Dog Group until 2008 when it became part of its new Herding Dog Group. Today, the Rottweiler is a versatile and highly esteemed working dog primarily used for herding, drafting, search-and-rescue missions, police work, tracking and guarding duties. It is also an excellent family companion due to its loyal nature and intelligence.