The Samoyed originated in the Siberian region of Russia where it was used as a working dog by the Samoyede people. The breed, which is thought to be over 2,000 years old, were used to herd reindeer and pull sleds. They also acted as hunting dogs capable of tracking down large game such as bears. In the late 1800s, explorers brought examples of these dogs from Siberia to Europe where they gained popularity in England and soon after spread across Europe and then into America by 1909 when they first appeared at an American Kennel Club show. Today, the Samoyed is still mostly considered a working dog with some being used for herding and sled racing; however due to their friendly demeanor and intelligent nature they often find themselves as popular family pets who thrive on companionship with humans. The Arctic-like fur coat needs weekly grooming or tangles could form but daily walks or playtime are necessary for its mental stimulation needs.